The American Psychological Association recently published some interesting research on cynical people. They earn less than those that aren’t.
Olga Stavrova is a researcher at the Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany. She published her study in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
“While previous research has associated cynicism with detrimental outcomes across a wide range of spheres of life, including physical health, psychological well-being and marital adjustment, the present research has established an association between cynicism and individual economic success,” she wrote.
Stavrova looked at data from 41 countries and said negative connotations on cynicism and its association with lower incomes is higher in nations with:
• Higher levels of altruism
• Homicide rates that are lower
• Lower overall levels of societal cynicism
In Germany, the cynic earns about $300 less — in U.S. dollars — per month than their less cynical peers.
“There are actually some countries where cynical individuals do not necessarily earn less than their less cynical compatriots. These countries are those with pervasively high societal cynicism scores, rare pro-social behavior (e.g., charity donations) and widespread antisocial behavior (as indicated by high homicide rates) — in other words, countries where cynicism might be justified or even somewhat functional,” she said.
She gave reasons — other than cynicism — for cynics not earning as much. They don’t tend to trust and don’t click in places where cooperation is needed. Cynics tend to suspect motives. And they may not be likely to ask for help when it is needed.
“For example, employees who believe others to be exploitative and dishonest are likely to avoid collaborative projects and to forgo the related opportunities,” Stavrova said.
Source link: insurancejournal.com